Study Shows Men in Developed Countries Are More Self-Confident Than Women
Men in developed nations are more-self confident than their female counterparts and it also increases as they age, a recent study has revealed.
There has always been a gap between men and women when it comes to self-esteem or personal confidence; however, it appears that the great divide is more prevalent in developed nations compared to developing or under-developed countries.
In a recent study undertaken by researchers from the University of California, Davis, the self-confidence gap between men and women was widest in developed countries such as those found in the West. The study also shows that the gap widens as people grow older meaning that self-confidence in older men increases while it either stagnates or declines in older women.
The team of researchers relied on a sample of 985,000 plus people coming from 48 countries in both developing as well as developed. The study which took place from 1999 to 2009 saw participants aged between 16 and 45 years taking part, and the final analysis was arrived at after taking into account the cultural, gender, as well as economic aspects.
Wiebke Bleidorn, the lead author from the University of California, says that developed countries which were also the wealthiest had more gender equality; however, they had a wider gap in regard to self-esteem. In contrast, the less-developed as well as poorer countries had more gender-inequality but the self-esteem gap was much narrower.
The report which was recently published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology suggests that cultural influence is one of the leading contributors for this difference. Women in developed countries are not so much restricted by cultural influences compared to developed countries. They are instead mainly guided by economic aspects which also push men to want to achieve more.
A good example is seen in Asian countries such as India, Thailand, and Indonesia where the self-esteem level is much lower compared to highly-developed nations for instance, the United Kingdom, Germany, and the Netherlands. The Asian nations are more attached to cultural practices and it’s believed that this has great impact in self-esteem levels.
According to the findings, self-esteem is more universal and isn’t restricted to a particular culture as nations with different cultural practices but within the same region had similar scores. It also changes as people age meaning that self-esteem is never static but changes with exposure to different stimuli or environment.
Bleidorn believes that the variance in self-esteem is influenced by age, gender, culture, as well as socio-economic aspects. It is influenced by universal cultural mechanisms for instance universal gender roles, or universal biological systems such as hormonal influences.